Part of a triplet of towers that form the world’s first adjacent grouping of three supertall skyscrapers, the Jin Mao and the Shanghai World Financial Center (SWFC) are icons of the Pudong District skyline. It is not just their height that is impressive, their whole architectural design are remarkable feats of engineering. Curious to know more about these world record-breaking buildings? Here are some of the most interesting facts about the Jin Mao Tower and the SWFC in Shanghai.
7 Interesting Facts about Jin Mao and SWFC in Shanghai
1. Jin Mao and SWFC are supertall skyscrapers in Shanghai
The Jin Mao Tower and the Shanghai World Financial Center (SWFC) are two of three supertall skyscrapers that soar above the Lujiazui skyline of the Pudong District in Shanghai in eastern China. The other supertall skyscraper is the Shanghai Tower. A supertall skyscraper is one that is taller than 300 metres (984 ft) but shorter than 600 meters (1,969 ft). Skyscrapers over 600 meters tall are ‘megatall skyscrapers’.
2. The Jin Mao Tower is the Golden Prosperity Building
The Jin Mao Tower also has the name the ‘Golden Prosperity Building’ and is sometimes called the Jinmao Building or Jinmao Tower. The Chicago-based firm Skidmore, Owings & Merrill designed the tower which stands 420.5 meters (1,380 feet) tall. Construction start in 1994 and finished in 1999. It was the first of the three supertall Shanghai skyscrapers to be built.
3. The Jin Mao Tower was the tallest building in China
Upon completion, it held the title of the tallest building in Mainland China which it retained for eight years until 2007 when the SWFC opened. It also held another world record upon completion – it was home to the highest hotel in the world. The five-star Grand Hyatt Shanghai hotel occupies floors 53 to 87 of the Jin Mao Tower. Today, the Jin Mao is the 34th tallest building in the world.
4. Jin Mao Tower features lots of number 8 references
Living up to its name as the Golden Prosperity Building, the Jin Mao Tower features lots of elements relating to the number 8, which Chinese numerology associates with prosperity. The tower’s address is 88 Century Avenue and it has 88 storeys. The core shear wall is octagonal in shape and 8 concrete super columns and 8 steel columns surround the core. Connecting the exterior elements to the core are 8 two-storey trusses. The tower has 16 segments and each is 1/8 shorter than the 16-storey base of the tower.
5. It took nine years to build the SWFC
The Shanghai World Financial Center (SWFC) at 100 Century Avenue is a skyscraper with a height of 492 meters (1,614.2 ft). Construction start in 1997 and finished in 2008. It was the second of the three supertall Shanghai skyscrapers to be built. Together, the Jin Mao Tower, Shanghai World Financial Center, and The Shanghai Tower form the world’s first adjacent grouping of three supertall skyscrapers.
6. The SWFC is the twelfth tallest building in the world
Upon completion, it held the title of the tallest building in Mainland China and the 2nd tallest building in the world – the tallest at the time was the Taipei 101 skyscraper in Taiwan. It also held another world record upon completion – it was home to the highest hotel in the world. The five-star Park Hyatt Shanghai occupies floors 79 to 93 of the SWFC. When it opened, it also held the title of the world’s highest roof – 487.4 metres (1599.1 ft) – however, the Burj Khalifa took this title when it opened in 2010. Today, the SWFC is the twelfth tallest building in the world.
7. The nickname of the SWFC is the Bottle Opener
American architectural firm Kohn Pedersen Fox designed the SWFC. Its most distinctive feature is the trapezoid hole at the top of the tower. Because of this interesting design feature, the building is fondly called “the bottle opener”. This name is so widespread that the gift shop in the tower actually sells real bottle openers in the shape of the skyscraper.